Sequence of a Trial

  1. Selection of a Jury
  2. Opening Statements
    • Plaintiff's attorney (or prosecuting/Commonwealth's attorney for a criminal case)
    • Defendant's attorney
  3. Testimony of Witnesses and Presentation of Evidence
    • Plaintiff's attorney
      (or prosecuting/Commonwealth attorney for a criminal case)
      • Direct examination of plaintiff's witnesses by plaintiff's attorney
      • Cross-examination of plaintiff's witnesses by defendant's attorney
      • Redirect examination of plaintiff's witnesses by plaintiff's attorney

    • Defendant's attorney
      • Direct examination of defendant's witnesses by defendant's attorney
      • Cross-examination of defendant's witnesses by plaintiff's attorney
      • Redirect examination of defendant's witnesses by defendant's attorney
4. Selection and Preparation of Jury Instructions
5. Jury Instructions Presented to the Jury
6. Closing Arguments
    • Plaintiff's attorney (or prosecuting/Commonwealth's attorney for a criminal case)
    • Defendant's attorney
    • Plaintiff's attorney (or prosecuting/Commonwealth's attorney) to close the case
7. Jury Deliberations
8. Verdict of Jury