Between 1681-1890, there were 1,286 criminal cases involving the sale of liquor in Chester County. What happens when those cases are organized chronologically? In this month’s blog post from the Chester County Archives, staff uses data from the Court of Quarter Sessions Indictment Papers to study the impact the temperance movement had on Chester County.
In this month’s blog post from the Chester County Archives, the staff explores the lives of two children by studying public government records. Although the same age and located in the same geographic area, Jane Hoopes and Temperance Howard had vastly different life experiences in Chester County during the nineteenth century. One benefited from her family’s financial success, while the other struggled to leave the County Poorhouse. Read their stories by clicking the image to the left.
One of the best things about working with government records is their authentic representation of everyday life in American history. The records at the Chester County Archives typically don't highlight big names or important events. Rather, they reflect the unexceptional actions of ordinary life (paying taxes, testifying in court, purchasing property, settling estates, applying for licenses, etc). It's not every day a county archivist discovers something signed by a United States President, so you can imagine the surprise of former archivist Jack McCarthy when he discovered an 1812 record signed by then Secretary of State James Monroe. Read more in this month's blog post. Click the image to the left.
The Chester County Archives' collection of Will & Administration files span from 1714 to 1923, but it contains very few wills written by married women prior to 1848. Before Pennsylvania passed the Married Women's Property Act of 1848, a married woman typically could not write a legal will. Read more about this law with some collection highlights in this month's blog.
In this month's blog post we discuss how the Civil War impacted a young couple from Southeastern PA. Henrietta Cummings of West Chester and Charles Cassidy of Haverford got engaged in January 1863. Less than a year later, Cassidy marched off to war as a Private in Company E of the 25th Regiment of the United States Colored Troops. Unfortunately, no correspondence between the young couple is known to exist, but we can share their story thanks to court records preserved at the Chester County Archives. Click the image to the left.
Genealogists have probably come across various spellings of their family's surname. Common names like Smith, Roberts, and Bernard can be spelled numerous ways, and that can make searching government records difficult. Read this month's blog post about spelling variations in public records. Click the image to the left.
Nutritional planning and calorie counting are not new phenomena. With the development of food science in the early twentieth century, the Chester County Poorhouse developed its meals based on people’s varying needs for calories, protein, fat, and carbohydrates. In this month’s blog entry, we look at what was served at the Chester County Home on Christmas Day 1925. Click the image to the left.
This month marks the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One. Read our November blog post about Chester County soldiers and nurses serving in Europe as well as the contributions of those on the home front. Click the image to the left.
Did you know a Goshen Township woman bewitched innocent children during the 1770s? Well, that’s according to J. Smith Futhey and Gilbert Cope’s 1881 History of Chester County. Read our Halloween-themed post on how the records at the Chester County Archives debunk this local legend. Click the image to the left.
Why does Chester County have such well-preserved records dating back to the 17th century? Joseph Parker, the Chester County Clerk of Courts in 1737, deserves some credit. Read about his early advocacy efforts in our inaugural blog post. Click the image to the left.